Results of ages, situation stage, HY phase and you may Led

Looks basics within the PD people

NF, Facebook, KB and you can Lb bases inside female and male customers which have PD are shown during the Fig. 2. We learned that age (male: 66 ± 11 years of in Ihrer 40-er Singles Dating Seite age, female: 68 ± 8 years of age), condition stage (male: seven.8 ± cuatro.eight decades, female: 8.6 ± 5.4 ages), HY phase (male: 2.8 ± 0.8, female: dos.7 ± 0.7) and you may Contributed (male: 501 ± 253 milligrams, female: 436 ± 233 milligrams) were not notably some other ranging from men and women. NF angle for men (twenty seven.six ± eleven.8) is actually notably higher than in women (twenty-two.9 ± 14.9) (p = 0.01). Yet not, almost every other bases just weren’t somewhat various other anywhere between men and women (FB: 5.4 ± 11.6 and you can dos.2 ±, KB: 17.eight ± 7.eight and you can 19.6 ± ten.dos, LB: ± step 3.9 and step 3.5 ± 3.4, respectively).

NF, FB, KB and LB angles in male and female PD patients. NF angle was significantly larger in males than in females (P < 0.05), but FB, KB and LB angles showed no significant difference between males and females

Correlations anywhere between NF, Facebook, KB, Pound bases and you will logical predictors (ages, condition course, HY phase and you will Led) receive when you look at the Table 1.

FB (r = 0.246, p < 0.01) and KB (r = 0.359, p < 0.001) angles increased significantly with advancing age. Further, NF (r = 0.197, p < 0.05) and FB (r = 0.196, p < 0.05) angles were significantly associated with disease duration. All the measured angles increased significantly with advancing HY stage: NF (r = 0.350, p < 0.001), FB (r = 0.492, p < 0.001), KB (r = 0.381, p < 0.001) and LB (r = 0.213, p < 0.05). Finally, there was a significant association between LED and FB (r = 0.243, p < 0.01), but not the other angles. DDA showed no significant relationship with any of the measured angles. Mean values of LED and DDA were 472 ± 248 mg/day and 123 ± 120 mg/day, respectively.

Multiple regression analysis was performed to assess the relationships among these four predictors as explanatory variables and each angle as a categorical response variable. HY stage was the most explanatory variable for NF (partial regression coefficient (B) = 6.578, p < 0.001), FB (B = 5.976, p < 0.001) and KB (B = 5.614, p < 0.001), while LED was the most explanatory variable for LB (B = 0.004, p = 0.002).

Laterality from very first danger sign and you can Lb perspective

The relationship ranging from laterality of one’s initial symptom and Pound angle is actually checked. Having 59 patients, the first symptom are on the right front and 43 patients, it had been to the left (almost shaped fifteen, unfamiliar step 3). Bending front (direction off Lb direction) was not for the region of the very first symptom (Fig. 3).

The partnership ranging from laterality of very first danger sign and you can Lb angle. Flexing front (guidance of Pound angle) was not associated with the area of the initially symptom

Common relationships among mentioned basics

Table 2 shows the relationships among the measured angles. NF and KB (r = 0.275, p < 0.01), NF and LB (r = 0.250, p < 0.01), FB and KB (r = 0.335, p < 0.001), KB and LB (r = 0.225, p < 0.05) were significantly positively correlated.

We also examined the relationships among the measured angles separately by age or gender, and the results are shown in Tables 3 and 4. When subjects were divided into a younger group (age less than 70 years old; n = 57) and an older group (age over 70 years old; n = 63), significant correlations were found only in the older group, between NF and LB (r = 0.269, p < 0.05) and between FB and KB (r = 0.375, r < 0.01). As to gender, different trends were found in men (n = 66) and women (n = 54), but significant correlations were seen between NF and LB and between FB and KB in both sexes.